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The 6th Session of 2014 issued on July 24


(3). The quantity of vehicle ownership is increasing constantly. The vehicles’ emission worsens the air pollution, becoming one of main pollutants of the city haze. With the rapid increase of all kinds of autos and agriculture machinery with gasoline and diesel oil as their main fuel, their emission will be multiplied and the inhalable particulates will also rise in geometrical progression. According to the report of Vehicle Net, to the end of 2013, the number of vehicles in China exceeded 2.5 hundred million, the ownership quantity of cars (private and for public use) ran up to 1.37 hundred million. In the ten years from 2003 to 2013, the ownership quantity of cars rose from 24 million to 1.37 hundred million with an average growth of more than 11 million per year, which was 5.7 times of that in 2003. In all cities of the country, each of 31 cities has more than one million cars. Among them, each of eight cities such as Beijing, Tianjin, Chengdu, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Suzhou, and Hangzhou has more than two million automobiles. There are more than five million cars in Beijing. While our country quickly steps into the auto era, traffic congestion appears in many cities. The emissions of carbon monoxide, carbon hydrate and carbon dioxide rose sharply. Some related studies show that in Beijing, vehicle emission is the main source of city’s PM2.5. The emission accounts for the proportion as high as 20% to 30% of Beijing’s PM2.5. The emission pollution has gradually become the main promoter of the haze in cities and caused great harm to people’s health and the environments of cities.
(4). The construction dust from the process of urbanization speeds up the formation of haze. At present, the urbanization of our country is in a one-sided pursuit of speed with plenty of regularly demolitions. A lot of construction dust from the urbanization fast development speeds up to form haze. The related data shows that the completed construction area in cities have been increased more then double in the last two decades. From 2000 to 2011, our urban completed construction area was increased by 76% and urban construction land is increased 1.1 million mu per year. More studies show that the proportion of soil dust is 15%. In the seasons of  autumn and winter, the floating dust from construction sites and the re-floating dust are the main source of soil dust, which causes comparatively serious harm to city atmosphere environment.
(5). With the increasing of vegetation destruction and expansion of sand desertification, sand storm is another promoter of haze. Now we still remember the sand storms a few years ago in Beijing even as far as in north China. Favorable results have been achieved through governance of district co-operations in the recent years. But the sand storm in Gansu this sping once again sounded the alarm for us that the situation we face is still serious. In fact, people living in Beijing have noticed that the cars left outdoors are covered with a lot of sand dust every night. Sand dust contributes a lot to form haze. So in the pollution governance and haze reduction, Not only should we keep our eyes on the enterprises around cities but also pay attention to the vegetation destruction and sand desertified governance far from cities.
Premier Li Keqiang clearly requests: to wage a tough and prolonged battle against haze and pollution to effectively get rid of the trouble in people’s hearts and lungs. The whole society should go through thick and thin and every one should be clearly aware of the harm. Meanwhile, it should be made clear that the ecological protection is a hard and prolonged battle and it takes a large quantity of source of manpower, finance and material. We must make a long-term plan and be ready to win this prolonged battle.
2. Correctly Handle the Two Relations Between Economy Development and Environment Protection.
On one hand, the government is determined to carry out governance to promote energy conservation and emission reduction to accelerate the transformation of economy development, as a result, some traditional firms will have to be closed. On the other hand, with the downward pressure of the economy growth, the development speed to benefit the people’s wellbeing and guarantee employment are required. The haze needs to be governanced when economy growth should be kept stable, which makes many local governments very cautious in practice. To win the battle, how many percentage points will be lost in China’s economy simultaneously? This is a hot topic among the economists and the government departments.
In my opinion, the reason that there are worry and fears in the society and government departments is that the main leaders above county levels, especially the managers of enterprises of all levels, fail to have correct acknowledgment of the relations between economy development and ecology protection. They can’t fully carry out the requirements by the Central Committee of the Communist Party on environment protection, energy conservation and emission reduction. They are not confident in strict enforcement. They are "strict in words but poor in actions" on many kinds of violence against laws of the state’s environment-protection or the unclean productions in their own county, city or district. They can not effectively support enforcement administrative departments of environment-protection in taking real actions, which causes the weak implementation of air, water and soil governance.